COST 869 - Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface water and groundwaters


List of descriptions of Best Management Practices (BMPs) produced within the SERA-17 network


Please note that the BMPs sometimes relay on situations or organizations found in the USA, and non-ISI units may be used.

The BMPs are grouped in several categories, corresponding to the structure of the list of factsheets produced within COST 869, namely BMPs for:

1. Nutrient management

2. Crop management

3. Livestock management + production of minerals in manure

4. Soil management

5. Water management

6. Land use change

7. Land infrastructure

8. Measures in surface water

9. Miscellaneous (not agriculture!)










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1. Nutrient application management

[BMP SERA-17] Phosphorus balance
[BMP SERA-17] Phosphorus sources, application timing, and methods
[BMP SERA-17] Soil testing
[BMP SERA-17] Vegetative mining
[BMP SERA-17] Composting effects on phosphorus availability in animal manures
[BMP SERA-17] Management of spray fields [spraying of liquid manure]
[BMP SERA-17] Manure spreader calibration
[BMP SERA-17] Manure testing
[BMP SERA-17] Milkhouse filters [= purification of waste water from milkhouses]
[BMP SERA-17] Physical manure treatment (solids separation)
[BMP SERA-17] Treating poultry litter with aluminum sulfate (alum)
[BMP SERA-17] Treating swine manure with aluminum chloride


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2. Crop management

[BMP SERA-17] Cover crops
[BMP SERA-17] Strip cropping


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3. Livestock management + production of minerals in manure

[BMP SERA-17] Dietary phosphorus levels for dairy cows
[BMP SERA-17] Dietary phytase to reduce P losses from animal manure
[BMP SERA-17] Grazing management
[BMP SERA-17] Barnyard/feedlot runoff management


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4. Soil management

[BMP SERA-17] Conservation tillage and crop residue management
[BMP SERA-17] Erosion control systems
[BMP SERA-17] Terraces



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5. Water management

[BMP SERA-17] Grassed waterways
[BMP SERA-17] Drainage ditch management
[BMP SERA-17] Phosphorus loss with surface irrigation
[BMP SERA-17] Tailwater recovery



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6. Land use change

There are no BMPs falling in this category.

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7. Land infrastructure

[BMP SERA-17] Riparian zones
[BMP SERA-17] Filter strips


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8. Measures in surface water

[BMP SERA-17] Constructed treatment wetlands
[BMP SERA-17] Streambank and shoreline protection
[BMP SERA-17] Lake and pond treatment by nutrient inactivation [alum addition]


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9. Miscellaneous (not agriculture!)
[BMP SERA-17] Reducing urban phosphorus runoff from lawns
[BMP SERA-17] Septic field drain design and maintenance